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Q.1: What is the Arrhenius concept of acids and bases?

Q.2: What is Bronsted-Lowry model of acids and bases?

Q.3: What is a conjugate acid?

Q.4: What is a conjugate base?

Q.5: What is a strong acid?

Q.6: What is a weak base?

Q.7: What is pH ?

Q.8: What is a buffered solution?

Q.9: What is an amphoteric substance?

Q.10: According to Arrhenius, bases produce ------- ions in solution.

Q.11: According to Bronsted-Lowry model, a base is a species that -------- protons.

Q.12: Acetate ion has a stronger affinity for protons than does water. Therefore, when dissolved in water, acetate ion behaves as a -------- .

Q.13: Organic avids which behave as weak acids contain the -------- group.

Q.14: The ionic product constant for water has the value --------- at 25 degrees Celsius.

Q.15: A solution with pH = 2 has -------- hydrogen ion concentration than a solution with pH = 4 .

Q.16: When sodium hydroxide is added dropwise to a bufferred solution, the -------- component of the buffer consumes the added hydroxide ion.




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